Sabtu, 29 Desember 2012

Passive Voice

Intinya adalah kita akan mengubah kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif. Contohnya "kucing memakan tikus" jika dipasifkan akan menjadi "tikus dimakan kucing" jadi sederhananya adalah mempasifkan kalimat dengan mengubah awalan me- menjadi awalan di-. Contoh tersebut dalam bahasa inggris "the cat eats the mouse" dipasifkan akan menjadi "the mouse is eaten by the cat". Rumus singkatnya yaitu memindah objek menjadi subjek, kemudian verbnya diganti jadi tobe+verb III.

Rumus kalimat passive:
1.   active: S + Verb I/Verb s/es + O
      passive: S + is/am/are + Verb III + by Object
2.   active: S + Verb II/Verb ed + O
      passive: S + was/were + Verb III + by Object
3.   active: S + is/am/are + Verb ing + O
      passive: S + is/am/are + being + Verb III + by Object
4.   active: S + was/were + Verb ing + O
      passive: S + was/were + being + Verb III + by Object
5.   active: S + has/have + Verb III + O
      passive: S + has/have + been + Verb III + by Object
6.   active: S + will/shall + Verb I + O
      passive: S + will/shall + be + Verb III + by Object
7.   active: S + will/shall + be + Verb ing + O
      passive: S + will/shall + be + being + Verb III + by Object
8.   active: S + will/shall + have + Verb III + O
      passive: S + will/shall +have + been + Verb III + by Object
9.   active: S + would/should + have + Verb III + O
      passive: S + would/should + have + been + Verb III + by Object
10. active: S + had + Verb III + O
      passive: S + had + been + Verb III + by Object
11. active: S + is/am/are + going to + Verb I + O
      passive: S + is/am/are + going to be + Verb III + by Object
12. active: S + has/have + to + Verb I + O
      passive: S + has/have + to + be + Verb III + by Object
13. active: S + modal(can, may, must, shall, will, should, might, etc) + Verb I + O
      passive: S + modal + be + Verb III + by Object
14. active: S + has/have + been + Verb ing
      passive: S + has/have + been +being + Verb III + by Object

nih aku kasih contoh :D
change into passive!
1. Someone threw the stone when I was writing an invitation letter last time.
2. That boy has refused my offer to eat so I give this food to someone.
3. Look! the workers are cutting down the tall tree overthere and the woman is instructing the children to leave away
answer:
1. The stone was thrown by someone when an invitation letter was being written last time.
2. My offer to eat has been refused by the boy so the food is given to someone.
3. Look! The tall tree is being cut down by the workers and the children are being instructed by the woman to leave away.

cr: phoenixcrimson.blogspot.com

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